Police and intelligence agencies’ utilization of facial recognition, video analytics, stingrays, automated license plate readers, domain awareness systems, drones, x-ray vans, body cameras, predictive policing tools, and surveillance towers demonstrates that augmentation of technology is inevitable. The New York Police Departments’ perspective of exploiting these technologies as a method to prevent terrorism is ethically viable. Conversely, the concern is that this elaborate, yet integrated system of technologies relies on appropriating biometrics that threatens civil liberties because they accumulate data with little to no regulation. Consequently, surveillance in the United States has been moving toward a dystopian police state.

Former NYPD…


“The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” When the founders designed the 4th Amendment, their intentions were clear. Privacy is a right for affluent, Christian, educated, property-owning, white men. …

Miguel Rojas

Compliance Specialist at the Center for Court Innovation & MPA-PPA Candidate at CUNY John Jay College of Criminal Justice

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